Mauryan administration

Silver punch mark coin of the Maurya empire, with symbols of wheel and elephant. Fifteen percent per annum appears to have been the average rate of interest on borrowed money.

The political unity allowed people from different areas of Mauryan India to travel and sell their merchandise at markets around their domain. And Sannidhata was the office-in-charge of the treasury and store.

A person in the Maurya dominion accused of theft and arrested within three days after the commission of the crime was ordinarily with certain exceptions subjected to torture in order to elicit a confession, unless he could prove either an alibi or enmity on the part of the complainant.

The king never dared to challenge the ancient laws and practices. Numismatic evidence indicates that they retained holdings in the subcontinent right up to the birth of Christ.

Mauryan Empire: Administration, Economic Condition and Art

He may have supervised the tax collection of the village and other matters such as discipline and defence. His majesty was the supreme head of the army; he was also the chief justice of the country.

Six boards or departments looked after the municipal administration of the city. The previous situation involving hundreds of kingdoms, many small armies, powerful regional chieftains, and internecine warfare, gave way to a disciplined central authority.

The first committee was concerned with naval warfare, second equivalent to the modern commissariat supervising the transport of war materials, third Mauryan administration the infantry, the fourth supervising cavalry, the fifth was concerned with chariots and the sixth supervised the elephant corps.

The king appointed Sachivas minister or Amatyas. They could either work independently on their own or were organised in guilds.

Short essay on Mauryan administration

It was administered through a system of licences, on payment of a fixed fee, or a share of the output. The east coast sea route appears to have had heavier traffic. In the fertile Gangetic plain a variety of taxes are mentioned such as bali, bhaga, shulka, kara, etc.

The details preserved show clearly that that definition was accepted heartily by Chandragupta, who acted on it without hesitation. The King led a strenuous life and was ever intent on the promotion of the well-being of his subjects.

Circa late 4th-2nd century BCE. It is said that in his last days, he observed the rigorous but self-purifying Jain ritual of santhara fast unto deathat Shravana Belgola in Karnataka. Mauryan Administration Revenue System Kautilya, the greatest political thinker of ancient India laid greater stress on the treasury as the smooth and successful functioning of the government depends on finance.

Ordinary petty cases were generally adjudicated by the village headman. Chandragupta was a disciple of the Jain monk Bhadrabahu.

Mauryan Administration System (Mauryan Government)

According to Sir John Marshall[62] Pushyamitra may have been the main author of the persecutions, although later Shunga kings seem to have been more supportive of Buddhism.

Although the annexation of Kalinga was completed, Ashoka embraced the teachings of Buddhismand renounced war and violence. He sent out missionaries to travel around Asia and spread Buddhism to other countries.


The Ashokan edicts further add information of the names of the other four provincial capitals, being Tosali in the east, Ujjain in the west, Suvarnagiri in the south and Taxila Mauryan administration the north.

He was responsible for the safety and security of his kingdom. Lavanadhyaksha was the Salt Superintendent. Who were the Mauryas. The two important officials concerned with the administration of this unit were the gopa and the sthanika.

The Indo-Greeks would maintain holdings on the trans-Indus region, and make forays into central India, for about a century. He selected ministers and other officers of the royal administration. This organizational structure was reflected at the imperial level with the Emperor and his Mantriparishad Council of Ministers.

According to the Hindu concept, the Supreme Sovereign of the State was Dharma or law and the king had to act as its guardian. Commodities manufactured in the country were stamped at the place of manufacture, while those that were brought in from foreign countries were stamped at the toll-gates.

Having renounced offensive warfare and expansionism, Ashoka nevertheless continued to maintain this large army, to protect the Empire and instil stability and peace across West and South Asia.

But as his was the final court of appeal he issued final judgement. No one can deny that kings of Mauryan Empire possessed huge power.

Megasthenes refers to the six committees of five members each to look after the administration of Pataliputra. It is hardly necessary to repeat that most of these departments and officers are mentioned by the Greek writers and there is a very close and striking similarity of their accounts with that of Kautilya.

Some of the important officials are mentioned below. The Dhamma Mahamatras were asked by Asoka to take steps against unjust imprisonment. Farmers were freed of tax and crop collection burdens from regional kings, paying instead to a nationally administered and strict-but-fair system of taxation as advised by the principles in the Arthashastra.

The Mauryan Empire then defeated Seleucus I, a diadochus and founder of the Seleucid Empire, during the Seleucid–Mauryan war, The head of the provincial administration was the Kumara (royal prince), who governed the provinces as king's elleandrblog.comon: Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism, Ājīvika.

Jun 28,  · Mauryan Administration Central Government Revenue Department Commerce & Industry Provincial & Local administration Art & Architecture • Ashoka is often credited with the beginning of stone.

Sep 12,  · This Lecture is about the description on Mauryan Administration. The Mauryan dynasty under the tremendous and able hands of Chandragupta Maurya or Ashoka, had witnessed a smooth run of administration and competent reign of rulers.

In the Mauryan Empire there was an efficient and well organized hierarchy of bureaucrats belonging to central executive, judicial and revenue officers for efficient central administration of Mauryan government.

Mauryan Administration: The establishment of the Mauryan empire in contrast to the earlier smaller kingdoms ushered in a new form of government, that of a centralized empire.

The Mauryan Empire indicates the triumph of monarchy as a political system over tribal republics.

Mauryan administration
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Mauryan Administration, Mauryan Empire, Indian history, Ancient